Quarter One


Subject: Integration
Grade Level: Kindergarten
Unit Title: Change
Timeframe Needed for Completion:
August, September, October
Grading Period: First Nine Weeks
Big Idea/Themes: Me, Family, Friends, Change (weather, seasons), Rules, Movement, Citizenship (Classroom responsibility/working together), Fall, Apples/Pumpkins, Alphabetic principle, phonemic awareness, Book and Print Awareness, Number sense, Shapes, Sorting, Opposites, In town, places, stores, 5 senses, living things/animals/pets, positional words
Understandings: Change occurs over time and has an impact on individuals. Objects and substances have properties and may be sorted based on those properties.
Essential Questions: Social Studies /Science* How seasons change overtime?
  • How does environment change from summer to fall?
  • Can you find your classroom in school?
  • Why do citizens obey rules?
  • How does weather change?
  • How people adopt the weather conditions?
  • What is a season?
  • What are ways objects can be sorted?
  • What are ways objects and organisms can move?
  • What are your 5 senses?
  • What are characteristics of living things?
  • What are some examples of living things?
  • What are positional words?
  • What are the basic needs for pets?
  • How are the structure of humans and animals similar and different?
  • What are two structures that are like and different?
Essential Questions: Language Arts* What is an author?
  • What is an illustrator?
  • What are the parts of the book?
  • What are 3 ways to read a book?
Essential Questions: Mathematics* What is a numeral?
  • How many?
  • Do you know the number names and the count sequence to 25?
  • What are different ways to sort and classify?
  • Can you name 2-D shapes (square, circle, triangle, rectangle, and hexagon)?
Social Studies
Science
K.H.1 Explain how people change over time (self and others).
K.H.1 Explain how season change over time.
K.H.1.3 Explain the impact of how life events bring change.
K.C&G.1 Exemplify positive relationships through fair play friendship.
K.C&G.1 Explain why citizens obey rules in the classroom, school, home and neighborhood.
K.C.1.1 Explain similarities in self and others.
K.C.1.2 Explain the elements of culture: how people speak, how people dress, food they eat.
K.P.1.2 Give examples of different ways objects and organisms move (to include falling to the ground when dropped): straight, zigzag, round and round, back and forth, fast and slow
K.P.2.1 Classify objects by observable physical properties including size, color, shape, texture, weight and flexibility.
K.E.1.2 Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year.
K.E.1.3 Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season.
Language Arts
ReadingFoundational Skills:
Print ConceptsRF.K.1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
a. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
b. Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.
c. Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.
d. Recognize and name all upper and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Phonological AwarenessRF.K.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
b. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
Phonics and Word RecognitionRF.K.3.Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
a. Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.
c. Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).
Informational Text: Craft and StructureRI.K.4. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
RI.K.5. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
RI.K.6. Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.
Literature:
Craft and StructureRL.K.4. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
Integration of Knowledge and IdeasRL.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).
WritingText Types and PurposesW.K.1. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...).
Speaking and ListeningComprehension and CollaborationSL.K.3. Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.
Presentation of Knowledge and IdeasSL.K.4. Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.
SL.K.5.Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.
SL.K.6. Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.
LanguageConventions of Target Languages
L.K.1.Demonstrate basic command of the conventions of Target language grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
a. Print many upper- and lowercase letters.
b. Use/understand frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
c. Use/Understand the most frequently occurring prepositions.
Vocabulary Acquisition and UseL.K.5. With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
b. Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
c. Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives.
d. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
Mathematics
Counting and CardinalityKnow number names and the count sequence.
K.CC 1. Count to 100 by ones and by tens. (count to 25 by ones)
K.CC 3. Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). (Write and count 0-10)
K.CC.4 a & b Count to tell number of objects
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Number and Operations and Base Ten
Measurement and DataClassify objects and count the number of objects in each category.
K.MD 3. Classify objects into given categories; count the numbers of objects in each category and sort the categories by count.
GeometryIdentify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres).
K.G 2. Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. (Identify flat shapes).

Quarter Two


Subject: Integration
Grade Level: Kindergarten
Unit Title: Culture and The Environment
Timeframe Needed for Completion:
November, December, January

Grading Period: Second Nine Weeks
Big Idea/Theme: Needs and Wants, The Five Senses, Native Americans/Pilgrims, Thanksgiving, Jobs, Christmas Traditions, Winter, Hibernation, Snow, Winter Animals, Alphabet, Sounds, Rhyming, Numbers, Shapes
Understandings: Needs and wants influence one’s culture.
Essential Questions: Social Studies/Science
  • What are some examples of living/nonliving things?
  • What are various ways that living and non-living organisms move?
  • How are each kind of material similar or different?
  • Can you sort materials?
  • What changes do you observe?
  • How can you record daily weather changes?
  • How do seasons change?
  • How are animals different and similar?
  • How do people, seasons, or life events bring on change over time?
  • How do maps help us locate places?
  • How do jobs help people and families meet their needs and wants?
  • What type of relationships do good citizens need to exhibit?
  • How are individuals from our school, communities, or around the world similar and different?
  • How do humans adapt to weather conditions and use environmental resources to meet their basic needs and wants?
Essential Questions: Language Arts
  • Who are the characters in the story?
  • What is the setting in the story?
  • Can you predict the ending of the story?
  • What is the main event in the story?
  • What are three ways to end a sentence?
  • How does this story connect an experience in your life?
Essential Questions: Mathematics
  • What numeral comes after ?
  • What numeral comes before _?
  • Counting by 10’s, what numeral comes after 30?
  • What are the solid shapes?
Social Studies
Science
Ongoing:__
K.H .1.1 Explain how people change over time (self and others).
K.H.1.2 Explain how seasons change over time.
K.H. 1.3 Explain the impact of how life events bring change (new siblings, moving to a new house, new job, a new school, etc.).
K.G.1.4 Identify locations in the classroom using positional words near/far, left/right, above/beneath, etc.).
K.G.2.1 Explain how people adapt to weather conditions.
K.G.2.2 Explain ways people use environmental resources to meet basic needs and wants (shelter, food, clothing, etc.).
K.E .1.2 Explain how jobs help people meet their needs and wants.
K.C.1.1 Explain similarities in self and others.
K.C.1.2 Explain the elements of culture (how people speak, how people dress, foods they eat, etc.).
KP 1.2 Give examples of different ways objects and organisms move to include falling to the ground when dropped.

K.P.2.1 Classify objects by observable physical properties (size, …)

K.P.2.2 Compare the observable properties of different kinds of materials from which objects are made and how they are used(clay, wood, cloth, paper, etc)

K.E.1.1 Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of the senses.

KE1.2 Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year.

KE1. 3 Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season

K.L.1.1 Compare different types of the same animals (i.e. different types of dogs, different types of cats, etc) to determine individual differences within a particular type of animal.
K.L.1.2 Compare characteristics of living and nonliving things in terms of their: structure, growth, changes








Language Arts
Reading


Foundational Skills:
Phonological Awareness
RF.K.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
a. Recognize and produce rhyming words.
b. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
c. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken word

Informational Text:
Key Ideas and Details
RI.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
RI.K.2. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
RI.K.3. With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
RI.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
RI.K.9. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

Literature:
Key Ideas and Details
RL.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
RL.K.2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.
RL.K.3. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.
Craft and Structure
RL.K.5. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).
RL.K.6. With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.
Writing



Text Types and Purposes
W.K.3. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.


Speaking and Listening



Comprehension and Collaboration
SL.K.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion).
b. Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.
SL.K.2. Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.


Language



Conventions of Standard English
L.K.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
d. Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
f. Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
L.K.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
a. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
b. Recognize and name end punctuation.
c. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).
d. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.


Mathematics
Counting and Cardinality

Know number names and the count sequence.
K.CC 1. Count to 100 by ones and by tens. (Count to 50 by ones and tens)
K.CC 2. Count forward beginning from a given number within the know sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).
K.CC 3. Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).
Count to tell the number of objects.
K.CC 4. Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect
counting to cardinality.
a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.
b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
K.CC 5. Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1–20, count out that many objects.
Operations and Algebraic Thinking


Number and Operations and Base Ten


K. NBT.1. Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into tens and ones, e.g. by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g. 18= 10 +8): understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six,…)
Measurement and Data

K.MD 2. Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of” / “less of” the attribute, and describe the difference.
Geometry


Identifying and describing shapes (square, circle, triangle, rectangle, hexagon, cube, and sphere)
K.G 3. Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying in a plane, “flat”) or three dimensional (“solid”).
Essential Skills/Vocabulary:
  • Family
  • Wants
  • Needs
  • Decision
  • Seasons
  • Living
  • Nonliving
  • Compare
  • Senses
  • Letter
  • Word
  • Sentence
  • Characters
  • Setting
  • Details
  • Predictions
  • Rhyme
  • Retell
  • Main Topic
  • Capitalization
  • Punctuation
  • Solid
  • Flat
Assessment Tasks:
  • Observation
  • Center activities
  • Projects











Quarter Three and Quarter Four


Grade Level: Kindergarten

Big Idea/Theme: Map and globes, Living and non-living, symbols, Geographical Physical Features, Geographic Locations, forces and movement, seasons, Animals, Lifecycles,
Essential Questions: Social Studies/Science
  • Where is a familiar place?
  • What is a map?
  • What is a globe?
  • What are US symbols? What is the name of your country, state, and city?
  • Can you identify things/items/places on the map of your classroom?
  • What are some geographical physical features? (mountains, hills, rivers, lakes, roads, water and land etc.)
  • What can you do now that you could not do when you were a baby?
  • What were the changes when you became a kindergartener?
  • How do jobs help people meet needs and wants?
Science:
  • What are some observable signs from winter to spring?
  • What are positional words?
  • How do things move?
  • What is the lifecycle?
  • How do living things move and change?
  • What can we use living things for?
  • What are the basic needs for humans and animals?

Social Studies
K.H.1
Understand change over time.
K.H.1.1
Explain how people change over time (self and others).
K.H.1.2
Explain how seasons change over time.
K.H.1.3
Explain the impact of how life events bring change (a new sibling, moving to a new house, a new job, a new school, etc.).
K.G.1
Use geographic representations and terms to describe surroundings.
K.G.1.1
Use maps to locate places in the classroom, school and home.
K.G.1.2
Use globes and maps to locate land and water features.
K.G.1.3
Identify physical features (mountains, hills, rivers, lakes, roads, etc.).
K.G.1.4
Identify locations in the classroom using positional words (near/far, left/right, above/beneath, etc.).
K.G.2
Understand the interaction between humans and the environment.
K.G.2.1
Explain how people adapt to weather conditions.
K.G.2.2
Explain ways people use environmental resources to meet basic needs and wants (shelter,
food, clothing, etc.).

K.E.1
Understand basic economic concepts.
K.E. 1.1
Explain how families have needs and wants.
K.E. 1.2
Explain how jobs help people meet their needs and wants.

K.C&G.1
Understand the roles of a citizen
K.C&G.1.1
Exemplify positive relationships through fair play and friendship.
K.C&G.1.2
Explain why citizens obey rules in the classroom, school, home and neighborhood.
K.C.1
Understand how individuals are similar and different.
K.C.1.1
Explain similarities in self and others.
K.C.1.2
Explain the elements of culture (how people speak, how people dress, foods they eat, etc.).

Language Arts
Reading

Foundational Skills:
Phonological Awareness
RF.K.2 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
d. Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)
Fluency
RF.K.4. Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.

Informational Text:
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RI.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
RI.K.8. With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

Literature:
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RL.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
RL.K.9. With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

Mathematics
Counting and Cardinality

Know number names and the count sequence.
K.CC.1 Count to 100 by ones and by tens. (up to 75 for 3rd Q.)
K.CC.2 Count forward beginning from a given number within the known
sequence (instead of having to begin at 1).
K.CC.3 Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a
written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

Count to tell the number of objects.
K.CC.4 Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities;
connect counting to cardinality.
a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard
order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and
each number name with one and only one object.
b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of
objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of
their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.
c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a
quantity that is one larger.
K.CC.5 Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things
arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10
things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1–20, count
out that many objects.

Compare numbers.
K.CC.6 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than,
less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by
using matching and counting strategies. (Note: Include groups with
up to ten objects.)
K.CC.7 Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.